Access Rights Management - A Comprehensive Guide in 2023


As an IT manager, you understand how critical it is to keep your company's important data and digital belongings safe.  Access rights management (ARM) is vital to your cybersecurity plan. It plays a significant role in protecting sensitive details and ensuring your business runs smoothly.

As organizations continue to accumulate vast amounts of sensitive information and valuable digital assets, ensuring that the right individuals have the appropriate access while keeping potential threats at bay has become a complex challenge. 

This comprehensive guide dives deep into the world of access rights management, unraveling its significance, components, and best practices. The guide equips you with the knowledge needed to safeguard your organization's data integrity and operational continuity.

What is Access Rights Management (ARM)?

Access rights management, often referred to as ARM, is a systematic approach to controlling and monitoring user access to various digital resources within an organization. These resources may include databases, applications, files, folders, and network systems. 

ARM allows you to define specific permissions and restrictions for individual users or user groups, ensuring they can only access the data and functionalities relevant to their roles and responsibilities. By implementing ARM, you can prevent unauthorized access, data breaches, and potential misuse of sensitive information.

Benefits of access rights management:

Below mentioned are the various benefits of access rights management.

Enhanced Data Security: One of your primary responsibilities is safeguarding the company's data from internal and external threats. ARM helps you achieve this by ensuring that only authorized personnel can access specific information and resources. Limiting access to a "need-to-know" basis reduces the risk of data breaches, cyberattacks, and accidental data exposure.

Ensures Compliance: Access rights management assists you in meeting these compliance requirements by providing a transparent and auditable system for managing access permissions. You can easily track user activities, generate reports, and demonstrate compliance during audits, mitigating potential legal and financial repercussions.

Increased Productivity and Collaboration: Employees often need to collaborate on various projects and tasks in a modern workplace. ARM allows you to set up appropriate access controls, granting employees access to the resources they need to collaborate effectively while protecting sensitive data. This balanced approach fosters a productive work environment without compromising security.

Key Components of Access Rights Management

A solid ARM strategy is essential to protect sensitive information from unauthorized access while enabling efficient collaboration. To achieve this, ARM comprises three fundamental components: role-based access control, user provisioning and deprovisioning, and access reviews and auditing.

Role-based access control (RBAC)

RBAC forms the foundation of an effective ARM system. It involves categorizing users into predefined roles based on their job responsibilities and granting access permissions according to those roles. This approach simplifies access management by reducing the need for individual user-level permissions. Instead, users inherit access rights from their assigned role, minimizing the risk of human errors and unauthorized access. 

You have the flexibility to tailor various access levels to suit your organization's hierarchy and ensure the principle of least privilege, which means users only get the minimum access necessary to perform their duties, enhancing data security significantly.

User provisioning & deprovisioning

User provisioning involves the efficient and automated onboarding of new employees or partners, granting them access to the necessary resources based on their assigned roles. This process ensures that users can start their work promptly without unnecessary delays, improving productivity. 

Conversely, user deprovisioning deals with the secure and timely revocation of access for users who no longer require it due to role changes or departing the organization. Proper deprovisioning prevents dormant accounts and potential security vulnerabilities, reducing the risk of data breaches.

Access reviews & auditing 

Continuous monitoring and review of access permissions are critical in maintaining the integrity of your ARM system. Access reviews involve regular user rights and privileges assessments, ensuring they align with current job responsibilities. Conducting periodic reviews allows you to promptly identify and rectify discrepancies or unauthorized access. 

Additionally, auditing is vital in maintaining compliance and identifying potential security gaps. Robust auditing capabilities provide a detailed trail of access activities, enabling you to effectively trace and investigate any suspicious behavior or security breaches. You can bolster data security and uphold regulatory compliance by proactively managing access rights through reviews and audits.

Best Practices of Access Rights Management

Let’s explore the best practices of access rights management.

1. Regular access reviews & updates

One of the best practices that play a pivotal role in managing access rights is conducting regular access reviews and updates for managing access rights. Access rights form the foundation of your organization's security posture, guarding against unauthorized access and potential data breaches. 

However, access rights can quickly become outdated due to the dynamic nature of the modern business environment. Employees change roles, responsibilities evolve, and team structures shift—all leading to the potential accumulation of unnecessary access privileges.

Regular access reviews are essential to address this challenge. By periodically evaluating and validating the access rights of individual employees, you can ensure that they have the appropriate level of access required to perform their current duties effectively. It helps to identify and mitigate excessive access, reducing the risk of internal data breaches and unauthorized information exposure.

Moreover, access reviews help comply with industry regulations and data protection standards. Many regulatory frameworks, such as GDPR and HIPAA, mandate organizations to periodically implement and review access controls. By conducting these reviews, you demonstrate your commitment to data privacy and compliance, which can lead to enhanced trust among customers and stakeholders.

When considering access reviews, involving relevant stakeholders across the organization is essential. Collaborating with HR, department managers, and data owners can provide valuable insights into the changing needs of employees and the access required to fulfill their responsibilities. Additionally, involving employees in the review process fosters a culture of security awareness and accountability.

2. Least Privilege Principle

The core idea behind the least privilege principle is to limit potential damage in the event of a security incident. When users are assigned only the permissions required for their specific roles, the scope of harm that a compromised account could cause is significantly reduced. 

For example, if an employee's credentials were to be maliciously acquired, their access would be limited to only the resources directly related to their job responsibilities, thereby preventing unauthorized access to critical systems or sensitive data.

Adhering to the least privilege principle also supports the concept of the "need-to-know" basis. It ensures that sensitive information is only accessible to those requiring it to carry out their duties. This proactive approach mitigates insider threats and significantly reduces the risk of accidental data leaks or intentional data misuse by employees.

Moreover, the principle aids in compliance with various data protection regulations, such as GDPR and HIPAA. These regulations often mandate strict control of data access, and implementing the principle showcases a commitment to data privacy and security, thus avoiding potential legal and financial repercussions.

In practice, managing access rights based on the least privilege principle may require reviewing and adjusting existing permission structures. Start by conducting an audit of user roles and their corresponding access privileges. Identify areas where excessive permissions may be granted and carefully tailor each user's access level to align with their responsibilities. 

3. Data Encryption & Protection

Data encryption serves as a highly effective shield against unauthorized access to sensitive data. By converting data into a scrambled format using cryptographic algorithms, even if a malicious actor gains access to the data, they won't be able to decipher its contents without the appropriate decryption key. 

This level of protection ensures that only individuals with the proper access rights can read and interpret the data, mitigating the risk of data breaches and leaks that could have severe consequences for your organization.

Moreover, data travels between various devices and servers, making it susceptible to interception by cybercriminals. Encrypting data during transit ensures that the information remains indecipherable even if intercepted, maintaining the confidentiality and integrity of your organization's critical data. 

Similarly, encrypting data at rest, whether stored on local servers or in the cloud, fortifies your data against unauthorized access in case of theft or unauthorized physical access to storage devices.

In addition to encryption, data protection techniques play a crucial role in access rights management. Implementing access controls and user authentication mechanisms helps regulate who can access specific data within the organization. 

Furthermore, the need for robust data encryption and protection has become even more critical in the age of remote work and cloud-based services. Employees accessing company data from various devices and locations create additional entry points for potential security breaches. By enforcing strong encryption protocols, you can secure your data, regardless of where it is accessed.

4. Password Management & Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA)

Passwords act as the primary gatekeepers to your organization's digital assets. A solid password management strategy is crucial to protect against unauthorized access attempts. Weak or reused passwords pose a significant security risk, as cybercriminals can exploit these vulnerabilities to breach your systems.

By implementing password management best practices, such as encouraging employees to create strong, unique passwords and regularly updating them, you can minimize the likelihood of successful brute-force attacks and unauthorized access attempts. Additionally, enforcing policies restricting password sharing and using personal information in passwords can further bolster your security posture.

While password management is essential, relying solely on passwords can still leave your organization susceptible to attacks. This is where multi-factor authentication (MFA) comes into play. MFA adds an extra layer of protection by requiring users to provide two or more forms of identification before accessing sensitive data or systems.

Typically, MFA combines something the user knows (password), something they have (a mobile device or token), and something they are (biometric data) to authenticate their identity. This multi-layered approach significantly reduces the risk of unauthorized access, even if passwords are compromised. 

Even if an attacker obtains a user's password, they would still need the additional authentication factors, making it much harder for them to breach your systems.

Effective password management and MFA enhance your organization's security posture and help you comply with industry regulations and data protection standards. Many regulatory frameworks now require you to implement robust access controls to protect sensitive data, and these security measures demonstrate your commitment to safeguarding information.

By proactively adopting password management and MFA, you might be taking proactive steps to align with regulatory requirements, avoiding potential legal repercussions and financial losses resulting from data breaches.

With the rapid growth of SaaS technology, your employees can easily gain special access rights. However, this convenience also brings challenges in effectively managing and controlling these privileges, mainly due to increased complexity.

Ensuring a secure and compliant environment is vital, and granting the right individuals the appropriate permissions is essential. This is where Zluri's identity governance and administration (IGA) solution comes to the rescue, transforming how you handle access rights. With Zluri's IGA solution, you can simplify IT audits, comply with regulations effortlessly, and maintain complete control over who has access to specific resources.

Zluri’s IGA Solution Helps You Manage Access Rights in Your Organization Efficiently

Zluri's IGA solution provides a powerful feature that simplifies the process of reviewing user access, making it effortless for you to manage and assess users' access rights. Doing so significantly reduces security risks and grants you better control over user access within your organization.

So, how does Zluri achieve this? 

The first step to keeping track of application access is identifying all the SaaS systems and applications being used. Zluri offers a centralized platform to view a complete list of all the apps used in your organization's SaaS lineup. This gives your IT teams a clear view of your organization's SaaS ecosystem.

Having this visibility allows you to efficiently manage user access throughout the SaaS stack. You can handle and review access requests to ensure compliance with necessary regulations while maintaining appropriate access rights. With Zluri's IGA solution, you'll have the tools to secure your systems and ensure smooth access rights management across your organization's software applications.

Let's take a closer look at how it works

Empower your user’s data with Zluri’s unified access

Zluri simplifies the complex task of managing user access rights across different systems and applications. By providing unified access, Zluri enhances your organization's security, streamlines operations, and ensures compliance with industry regulations.

Access Directory: With Zluri's unified access, you gain centralized control over your organization's access directory. This means you have a clear view of who has access to various resources and applications. Having this visibility is crucial for maintaining a secure environment and preventing unauthorized access. It empowers you to quickly address potential vulnerabilities and safeguard your sensitive data.


Let's say you work for a healthcare provider that uses various software to manage patient information, appointments, and billing. Different employees need access to different systems based on their roles, such as doctors, nurses, and administrative staff. Keeping track of who has access to which systems can be time-consuming and error-prone.

However, with Zluri's unified access, the healthcare provider gains centralized control over access rights. They can easily see which employees have access to specific patient data or administrative tools. This helps them maintain a secure environment for sensitive medical records and ensures that only authorized personnel can access critical information. 

Thus, the healthcare provider can now manage access rights efficiently, improving patient data security and compliance with healthcare regulations.

Access Privileges: Effective access management is crucial, and Zluri makes it easy for you. With Zluri, you can define and monitor access privileges based on user roles, departments, and other relevant information. This includes job roles, project involvement, or any other context determining their access needs.

Having this level of control allows you to ensure that each user only has access to the resources necessary for their specific tasks. This reduces the risk of data breaches and enhances overall security.

Let’s consider a manufacturing company with various production lines, each managed by different teams. One of your team leads oversees a specific production line and requires access to equipment control systems and production data.

With Zluri's access management, you can easily grant the team lead the precise access they need for their role. They'll have access to the control systems and production data, enabling them to manage their team effectively. At the same time, their access will be restricted from unrelated production lines or sensitive company information.

This ensures that each team lead can perform their responsibilities efficiently without compromising security or accessing areas beyond their scope. Zluri's granular access control helps your manufacturing company maintain a secure and well-organized operational environment.

Activity & Alerts: In managing access rights for your organization, having real-time insights into user activity is crucial for maintaining strong security measures. Zluri offers valuable information about user actions, like their recent logins and logouts from various applications. By keeping track of user behavior, you can quickly spot any suspicious activities that may indicate security risks.

With Zluri's proactive alerting system, you'll stay one step ahead. You'll receive immediate email alerts whenever there are unusual actions or potential security breaches. This proactive approach enables you to respond swiftly and effectively, minimizing the impact of security incidents and ensuring a safe IT environment.

Streamline your access review process with automation

Zluri provides you with powerful automated review capabilities that make managing access rights a breeze. With Zluri's automation, you can ensure top-notch security and effectively protect sensitive data while meeting regulatory requirements.

Access Rules: One of the key features of Zluri's automated reviews is its access rules. With Zluri, you'll understand your organization's access landscape clearly, which serves as the basis for creating precise access rules.

For instance, let's say you discover that certain employees have unnecessary access to critical systems. In such a scenario, you can quickly set up rules to limit their permissions, thereby bolstering the security of your sensitive data.

Scheduled Certification: With Zluri, managing access rights certifications becomes a breeze as you can proactively schedule them. Once you have valuable insights about access, you can take action by setting up certification tasks.

Certifications are essential checks to ensure employees' access aligns with your organization's policies and regulatory requirements. By scheduling certifications, you ensure that access permissions are always kept up-to-date and in compliance.

For example, let's say your organization deals with sensitive customer data, and you have specific policies in place to control access to that data. With Zluri's scheduling feature, you can automatically run certifications at regular intervals to verify that employees only have access to the necessary data they need to perform their jobs. This helps maintain a secure environment and ensures that employees have the appropriate level of access, reducing the risk of unauthorized access or data breaches.

Auto-remediation: Zluri takes access rights management to the next level with its auto-remediation capabilities. This powerful feature doesn't just stop at reviews; it actively responds to access violations.

Whenever the system detects unauthorized access or potential security breaches, it takes immediate corrective actions automatically. This proactive approach boosts your organization's security and effortlessly ensures compliance with industry standards.

Let's say a team member in your organization moves to a new role; Zluri makes it easy to adjust their access privileges accordingly. Whether they get promoted or change responsibilities, you can seamlessly modify their access rights to match their new role.

Similarly, if a user has unnecessary access permissions, Zluri's auto-remediation swiftly revokes those privileges, minimizing any potential security risks.

In short, manual access reviews require a lot of time and effort to coordinate with different departments, gather data, and cross-check access permissions. This can be monotonous and prone to errors, which might result in compliance or security issues.

Zluri's automated reviews significantly cut down manual work by 70% and speed up the process by 10 times. The intelligent automation takes care of collecting and organizing access data and even analyzes access patterns. This leaves your IT team with more time to concentrate on strategic initiatives.

Now, let’s discuss the steps to automate the access review process.

  • Step 1: Open Zluri's main interface, and go to the "Access Certification" module.

  • Step 2: Now, to create an access certification, click on "Create a New Certification." Now, assign a suitable certification name and assign a responsive owner.

  • Step 3: Under the setup certification, choose how you want to review users' access: either by Application or Users.

    For example, if you select to review access by Application, add the application to audit users' access.

    User Access reviews

  • Step 4: Then choose a primary reviewer and a fallback reviewer from the drop-down menu. Once you are done selecting the reviewers, you can click on Next.

    Note: Generally the primary reviewers are app owners. Also, choose the fallback reviewer carefully whom you think is responsible.

    User Access review

  • Step 5: Choose the specific users to include in the certification process. You can also filter the data points such as user department, job title, usage, and more, as per your certification requirements. Then, click on "Next."

    Note: Select those relevant data points only that you wish your reviewers to see while reviewing the access. By filtering the criteria appropriately, you enable your reviewers to make swift and well-informed decisions, streamlining the review process and ensuring efficiency.

    User access reviewers

  • Step 6: Now, configure actions based on your needs and choose from the drop-down options. 

    For example, for rejection action, you can select the respective deprovisioning playbook to revoke the unnecessary access of the users. 

    Once you set up the action, click “add applications”. 

    Note: You can add multiple applications for the same certification. 

    User Access rights

  • Step 7: Set the start and end dates for the certification process, depending on within what time span you want the review to be completed.

    Note: You can also click on "Save Template" to save it for future use.

  • Step 8: Lastly, you can keep track of the automated access review process by clicking on the ‘Review Status’ and viewing whether the review is still pending, modified, declined, or approved.

    Finally, you can easily track the entire review process on a chart. Once the review is complete and the assigned reviewer approves it, you can simply click 'conclude' to instantly send the reports to their email.

    Further, to know more about Zluri, Book a Demo Now.


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In this post, you'll learn about shadow IT due to SaaS apps. You'll also learn the most common types of shadow apps categories, shadow IT risks, and shadow IT benefits.

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SaaS Sprawl - The Ultimate Guide

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SaaS Operations (SaaS Ops) - The Complete Guide

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